Types of Cameras for film photography

Types of cameras for film photography

What are the commonly used types of cameras, how are they differentiated, and what are their advantages and disadvantages?

  1. Rangefinder cameras. Today most such cameras use 35 mm film. Certain press cameras, which come in larger sizes and are described in category 5, can also be included in this category.

  2. Single-lens reflex cameras. Many use either 35 mm or 21/4 x 21/4 inch film, but some use film as large as 4 x 5 or even 5 x 7 inches.

  3. Twin-lens reflex cameras. Most use 21/4 x 21/4 inch film, but some use 35 mm or 4 x 5 inch film.

  4. View cameras. These cameras use films that range in size from 21/4 x 31/4 inches through 4 x 5, 5 x 7, 8 x 10 inches, and larger.

  5. Press cameras. Basically rangefinder cameras that include some features of the view camera; traditionally, press cameras used 4 x 5 inch film, but now many of them take 21/4 x 23/4 or 21/4 x 31/4 inch roll film, and at least one uses 5 x 7 inch film.

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